*Include your character descriptions below under each respective title. Remember to include profiles, page references and quotes, where they are from, what they do, where they stand regarding the case and when they switch vote throughout the play.

The foreman is in charge of running the proceedings in the jury-room. Although he is ultimately responsible for delivering the verdict, he has no more power than the others. Nor does he assert his position or appear more confident then anyone else, he simply fulfills his role of coordinating the group. He is the seventh juror to change his vote to 'not guilty'. We learn that the foreman is a football coach at a high school in Queens.
-He changes his vote after Juror 5 explains how to use the knife, however he is reluctant to do it as he embarrassed about being wrong.
- on pg 19(old edition) the foreman has an argument with Juror 10 as the Foreman continuously struggles to keep order in the jury room. Juror 10 responds to these instructions by saying "Ah, stop bein' a kid, will you?" this escalates into a very heated arguement until the Foreman offers to forfeit his position to anyone that wants it. This displays signs of insecurity in regards to his task/job as Foreman, and that perhaps that he never wanted the job to begin with. He doesn't seem to have a personality. He comes in with an opinion, but while in the deliberation room, is weak in his conviction.

This is his first Jury case page 3
He is incredibly shy aswell as really nervous, which is seen on page 9
He doesnt like attention, as seen on page 14
Weak willed yet rather serious about the case pages 17+18
Possibly sick as he goes around offering cough drops. He is also very defensive of his intelligence. Page 28
He likes feeling smart. page 30
"I want to wait until the second hand hits sixty." page 36. Shows that he like precision
He also has a son. "I've got a boy with the mumps... wife says he looks like khruschev" page 38
He switches his verdict on page 39, because he is unsure about his decision. He appears as a very weak character.
"How'd you figure that out blue eyes". He has blue eyes

- Creates obvious examples of prejudice, but towards teens rather than 'slum kids' or race-based judgements.
- Has old-fashioned morals: calling fathers 'sir'. He comes across as a 'children should be seen, not heard' type of person.
- Close-minded and stubborn about the case. He is the last juror to change his verdict/vote at the end of the play.
- He is aggressive in his dialogue and behaviour.
- He exhibits a level of blind faith in the legal system and eye witness testimony. He also demonstrates double standards regarding the testimony and the case in general.
- Contradictory in both his blind faith and also his aggressive mindset, but then judges others unfairly.
- There is a juxtaposition between the defendant and his own son. Both are sixteen when they have the altercation with their fathers. In his case, his sixteen year old son hit him after an argument.
- He is a very loud character, often yelling over the top of others, cutting them off or speaking in a derogatory fashion.
- His contradiction is greatly highlighted in his altercation with Juror 8 when he yells out "I'll kill you."

- "I'm a broker" pg 4
- Strongest character
- Independent thinker - thinks freely & never let's his personal bias or peer pressure affect decision making.
- Thought on his own without prejudice
- rational - likes to stick to facts & relevant information.
- respectful
- calm as tension builds- calms argument between juror 3 & 8.
- He is part of the deliberation about the boy's memory and the movies.
- pg 10- believes boys story is flimsy - boy couldn't recall films or people in them.
- Pg 12- states the boy is "product of a filthy neighborhood & broken home"
- "slums are breeding grounds for criminals"
- Pg 15- reinforces uniqueness of knife " this wasn't what you'd call an ordinary knife"
- He changes his vote when there is doubt surrounding the truthfulness of the woman testifying against the boy.
Pgs 56 - "no one wears eyeglasses to bed"
Pg 58 - " I now have a reasonable doubt"

-First person to identify that witnesses can make mistakes
"Witnesses can make mistakes" pg 31
-Works in a Harlem Hospital as a nurse
-Lived in the slums
"I lived in the slums my whole life. I nurse that trash in Harlem Hospital six nights a week" pg 12
-Second juror to changes his vote from "guilty" to "not guilty"
-Is a fan of the Milwaukee baseball team
-Defends juror eleven on the basis of his cultural heritage
"You mean you're calling him arrogant because he wasn't born here?...Well I'm calling you arrogant because you
were born here" pg 44
-He encourages discussion
"Why don't we wait till seven? Give it another hour" pg 47
-He understands how switch-blades are dealt with as he has witnessed many fights in which switch-blade knives were used
"Too many of them...In order to stab downwards,you would have to change your grip." pg 49

- Convinced from the start that the defendant is guilty " its pretty obvious, I mean I was convinced from the first day."
- He brings up the fight between the father and the son.
- He does not want to be there nor does he care about the case
- "He's guilty for sure, theres no doubt in the whole world, we should have been done already, listen I don't care y'know its beats working."
- He is a working man and is not use to thinking in such situations like the court case.
- "I'm just a working man my boss does the supposing but I'll try one."
- He is very big on respect due to him defending others.
- "You ought a have some respect mister, if you say stuff like that to him again I'll lay you out."
- He is very polite and always using well mannered words: "pardon me I didn't mean to interrupt."
- He is always helping in the background for example he times how long it would take the old man to walk to the door.
-Changes his vote in act 2, he calls for another vote, that's when the jurors are even at six to six.
- Towards the middle of the play Juror 6 actually changes his attitude from adamant to actually wanting to know what actually happened.
- "He apologizes, now lets hear what the man has to say".
- He is a painter while not being a juror.

- He's an obnoxious salesman (pg 29)
- He is only desire is to get out of the jury room and get to the ball park. He gets frustrated every time someone changed thier vote.
- He is rather flippant about the entire situation.
- He seemingly changes his verdict out of boredom and having enough of the situation, rather than out of conviction. He is attacked by Juror 11 for doing this. After being attacked, he appears to feel bad and says that: "I - don't think he's guilty."
- "God damn waste of time" (pg 8)
- "Brother! Anybody got a deck of cards?" (pg 25)
- "And another chap flips his goddamn wig!" (pg 26)
- "Come on already! Look at the time!" (pg 38)
- He's very obsessed with baseball and makes numerous references to it, in nearly everything he says
- "OK, slugger be my guest" (pg 12)
- " Hang in there and pitch" (pg 19)
- "And we go into extra innings" (pg 51)
he appears amusing at times, but in the same instance his attitude is appalling because he is making light of a serious situation.
- "Well, he was gonna give the knife to his friend. He just wanted to use it for a minute." (pg 24)
- He changes his vote on PAGE 63, he begins expressing as if he wants to change his vote because he's sick of waiting, but when hes asked why he changed his vote he admits that he thinks that the defendant is not guilty.

  • Juror number 8 could be considered the most important character in the play this is due to his attitude during the deliberation in the jury room
  • First to vote 'not guilty'. He does this not because he believes the defendant to be innocent. Rather, he is unsure about his guilt, which generates reasonable doubt: "I don't know." (page 11)
  • Thoughtful and reasoned.
  • Portrayed as 'heroic'.
  • Devoted to justice and is sympathetic toward the young man who is charged: "The man! He's sixteen years old." (page 11)
  • Urges the rest of the jury to be less prejudice.
  • Contemplates the evidence given in the case and doesn't believe the majority of it.
  • Discusses the relevence and fallibility of witness testimonies.
  • Acquits the defendant by persuading the other jurors that 'resonable doubt' exits.
  • He uses his initiative to make decisions.
  • Intelligent.
  • Logical and reasoned.
  • Very reasonable.
  • Not naive.


The 9th juror is an elder man and he is the first juror to change his vote to 'not guilty'. He is a very perceptive character in the play and focuses on the little details that become significantly relevant in the play. He is the only juror that "supports" and "respects" the 8th juror's "motives" throughout the entire play (pg. 20). The 9th juror like the 8th juror, does not believe that the accused is guilty, but dont believe that he is innocent either. Their arguements are based on the fact that they have a reasonable doubt. He is the only one that understands and can relate to the elderly male witness, in that he is lonely, no recognition, and no-body seeks his advice. A wise man, who is respectful and expects respect shown back to him. He is the one who drives the direction of the case at the end. He is the one who notices juror 4 touching his glasses and makes the connection to the witness.
"its just that i looked at him for a very long time...." pg 27
" but it indicates.." pg 46
" your eyeglasses make those deep impressions..." pg 55

  • Is a bigot who believes the boy is guilty because he is one of 'them people'. pg. 6
  • Goes on a discriminatory and hateful rant try to convince the other jurors why the boy is guilty.
  • Believes the boy is 'guilty'. Results in all the jury members turning their back on him. pg. 51-53
  • Changes his vote to 'not guilty'. pg. 58.
  • Discriminatory/Prejudice/Works off stereotypes.
  • Reginald Rose uses repetition to during his rant the number of times that he he says 'they' or 'them people'.
  • Contradicts himself when saying 'they' are all the same, but that juror 5, even though he is from the slums, is different.


- Changes decision on page 41 (old book)
- "I don't have to defend my decision to you. I have a reasonable doubt in my mind."
- He is thoughtful and precise, understanding the American legal system. He is of German descent and is a watch maker.
- He is rather polite and respectful.
- 10th Juror: "What are you so god-damned polite about?"
11th Juror: "For the same reason you are not, it's the way I was brought up."
- He has a well-defined sense of justice.
- "That is not an answer. What kind of man are you?"
- "Pardon. Maybe you don't understand the term 'reasonable doubt'."
- On page 40, the juror creates doubt in the woman's testimony: "I don't think he would have gone back if he had been the murderer...the boy wouldn't have gone back if he heard the woman scream."
- On page 63, Juror 11 confronts Juror 7, creating a stark contrast between the two. 11 has a sense of justice and wants to go through the case, while 7 does not care, is self-centred and wants to get to his ball game.

- He works at an Advertising agency (page 14)
- Is a very indecisive Juror, which is seen by him being the only juror to change his vote more than once.
- He is the sixth juror to change his vote to 'not guilty' because he is unsure as to whether or not the boy would have stabbed down into his father's chest, because the "boy is pretty handy with a knife" Pg.49 "The 12th Juror's face is a mask of indecision, then he suddenly raises his hand." Pg.51
- Changes back to guilty because of the eye witness who saw the murder occur. "I'm changing my vote. I think he's 'guilty'." Pg.54
- Then changes back to not guilty once he agrees that the woman who witnessed the attack could have made a mistake, due to her not wearing her eyeglasses in bed. "Yes. I say 'not guilty'." Pg.57
- The 12th Juror also comes up with ideas to try and keep the negotiations flowing. "Well, look, maybe this is an idea. I'm just thinking out loud, but it seems to me it's up to us to convince this gentlemen that we're right and he's wrong. Maybe if we each took a minute or two. I mean, it's just a quick thought..." Pg.9
- Also breaks up the confrontation between the 9th and 10th Jurors by stepping between them. "The 12th Juror steps between the 9th and 10th Jurors" "Maybe if you just quieted down." Pg.52

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Discussion prompt:
"Throughout the first few chapters we develop an awareness of Changez's view (and more broadly, the Pakistani views) on deference and respecting one's elders. This is shown most clearly while Changez is overseas with his fellow graduates on vacation. How does this help us understand his feelings towards America and in some respects, his reaction to the September 11 attacks?"

It helps us understand his feelings towards America because it is showing the arrogance of America and Americans towards other people/countries. America is a young country compared to most of the world yet Americans still like to think that they are the best and that the world needs to listen to them. The level of disrespect the Americans have is staggering which you do see in Greece when they are disrespectful to the old man. This relates to his reaction about the 9/11 attacks because it is like someone has finally hit America a devastating blow making them think they are not invincible and that they can be brought to their knees. It is as if the rebellious young teenager has finally been scorned and punished for its actions by it stern grandfather.


While Changez and co. are on their trip to Greece, Changez sees the darker side to Americans, the side which people cannot bear to see and is the main reason why most nations hate them and frown upon them, the side of their pure arrogance and their "superior demeanour"... we are shown an example of this when the American students show disrespect to an older Greek man, whereas Changez would have more respect for the man and can understand the language barrier. So when the unfortunate tradgedy which occured in New York better known as 9/11, Changez has an evil pleasure towards it as if to say " now how do you like it ? " people are dispespecting and harming them.


Changez responded the way he did towards the 9/11 because America thought they were unbeatable and that they were the best and someone finally got back at them for the arrogance and disrespect they showed towards other countries.When they went to Greece that showed that America didnt respect the older countires, that have been around much longer that they just thought they could do anything and they were top prioraty no one was better than them.Changez likes the idea of America but not the American people. Dennytza

While Changez Is overseas with his fellow graduates in Greece, he witnesses utter disrespect and arrogance from the Americans towards an elder Greek. Changez doesn't agree with how they responded to the Greek and now views America In a different light. This helps us understand his feelings towards America and 9/11, as It shows how America thinks they're the most supreme country and better than any other. It also shows how Americans believe they're "superiority" gives them the right to speak and act to others In a condescending way. Changez smiles when he see's the twin towers collapse and the reason for this Is because he feel's that someone has brought America to It's knees and the arrogance has bit them In the bum.

The superior mentality of Changez's fellow graduates, as shown by their disrespect of their Greek waiter, is in my opinion representative of America's overall arrogant attitude. This idea of discourtesy to ones elders can be extended to America's treatment of much older countries, including Pakistan. This maltreatment of his home country would no doubt conjure a sort of enmity in Changez towards American people, explaining his apathetic attitude towards the attack of 9/11. After all, the enemy of your enemy is your friend.

While Changez is on vacation he witnesses his fellow graduates disrespect their elders and show very little hesitation in spending money. These actions make Changez feel a sense of dislike towards the Americans. On other occasions Changez gets annoyed with the arrogant behaviour and condescending tone in which some Americans speak in. These events help us understand his feelings towards America by showing us that even though he loves the country as a whole, he does not necessarily like the people and their views on the rest of the world.

This helps us see that it was his dislike of the symbolism that the people of America created for the country that made him smile at the sight of the twin towers being knocked down on September 11. The fact that the entire country. The last remaining superpower of the world was hit so hard that it brought the whole country to its knees, is what made Changez have that reaction to the event.